When you double-click an icon or file name for a Microsoft Excel workbook, Excel starts but displays a blank screen where you expect the file to appear.
Follow these steps
1. Open Excel
2. Select File > Options > Trust Center > Trust Center Setting > Protected View
3. Unmark “Enable Protected View for files originating from the Internet”
The following article provides information on how to troubleshoot this issue from Microsoft: Excel opening blank when you double-click a file icon or file name.